History of Kyrgyzstan
The territory of modern Kyrgyzstan has always been a target for occupation for different troops at different times. For example troops of Gengis Khan also crossed the region and significantly influenced on the history of Kyrgyz people.
The first people appeared here about five thousand years ago, old stone carvings and the 3000-year-old town of Osh can support this fact. The nomadic people of the Kyrgyz first appeared in this area about 2000 years ago and they are known to be one of the oldest of Central Asia. They went south, coming from the Siberian region Yenisey and established the Kyrgyz Khanate at the beginning of the first millennium.
In the 6th century there was established the Karakhanid Khanate from the majority of early Turkic tribes. One of the most important and flourishing cities was the town of Balasagun where you can also visit the Burana tower belonging to 11th century. It can take you only one-hour drive from Bishkek.
In the 13th century, the powerful Karakhanid statehood was conquered by Gengis Khan, who then formed the Mongol Empire. After the emperor Mongke's death the Khanate was divided into many smaller parts, and the territory of Kyrgyzstan fell under the power of the Chagatai Khanate, the second son of the deceased emperor.
Later, this region was conquered by the Kokand Khanate formed by ethnic Uzbeks. But after 1873 - 1874 broad national uprising the region fell under the dominance of the Russian Empire. Since 1936 it has become one of the Soviet republics of the USSR.
In 1991, the country obtained its independence and since then recognized as the Kyrgyz Republic.
The link given below is your option of seeing the great tours in the country of contrasts: