The territory of modern Kyrgyzstan has always been a target for occupation for different troops at different times. For example troops of Gengis Khan also crossed the region and significantly influenced on the history of Kyrgyz people.
The first people appeared here about five thousand years ago, old stone carvings and the 3000-year-old town of Osh can support this fact. The nomadic people of the Kyrgyz first appeared in this area about 2000 years ago and they are known to be one of the oldest of Central Asia. They went south, coming from the Siberian region Yenisey and established the Kyrgyz Khanate at the beginning of the first millennium.
Later, this region was conquered by the Kokand Khanate formed by ethnic Uzbeks. But after 1873 - 1874 broad national uprising the region fell under the dominance of the Russian Empire. Since 1936 it has become one of the Soviet republics of the USSR.
In 1991, the country obtained its independence and since then recognized as the Kyrgyz Republic.