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Uzbekistan travel and tour

Uzbekistan travel and tour: Tour 01
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Uzbekistan travel and tour: Tour 14

 


The history of railways in Uzbekistan dates back to 1874 when a special commission recognized the need to build a railway line Orenburg-Tashkent. However, later the decision was changed - the first steel railway was to connect the east coast of Tashkent with the Caspian Sea.
The construction of the Transcaspian railway was started in November 1880. After five years, builders have reached in Ashgabat, and in 1886 - Chardzhou. In May 1888, when it was erected a wooden bridge across the Amu Darya River, opened to traffic prior to Samarqand. In 1899 the road reached Tashkent. At the same time the site was built and the station Ursatevskaya in the Fergana Valley.
At the end of the last century, once again the question arose about the construction of the road from Tashkent to Orenburg, the construction of which commenced in autumn 1900 at the same time from Tashkent and Orenburg. In January 1906 the Tashkent-Orenburg road went into operation, having opened for direct access to Central Asia to Central Russia.
A special role is played by the road during the Great Patriotic War, providing a link with the central part of the Caucasus country. Arrangements have been made to significantly increase the capacity of the road. In the short time it was built nine iron foundries and three steel plant for the production of locally scarce materials and spare parts. During the war, built a line Tashkent-Angren.

 


7 - key positions Kiuzeli old gir site (the sixth and fifth centuries BC) in the region Sarykamysh. The exact structure and strength of this system is the earliest city. Along the excavation Kiuzeligir flat, plate, stone altar about four feet, in a fraction of a small brass cone at the end, gold zavalnoj head horns, and other artifacts from the burials of the fifth vv, was not discovered Saxon seventh. The materials that can be found in the mountains connecting the bright display the culture of the steppes and oases. It is noteworthy that in the suburb of Khiva, Burien zoroastrijskoj various rituals existed side by side in the tomb as a burial is becoming more widespread.

Zoroastrizm in Khorezm

Many scholars refer to the study of Central Asia - especially in Khiva, is home Zaratushtry zoroastrizma and his prophet. Connected archaeological investigations zoroastrijskoj the teaching and worship of fire and natural elements horezmijtsev primitive religious representations. For example, the practice of the cult, and the cult of fertility Anahity image is worshiped on the natural elements and astrological symbols. The dual concepts of natural phenomena where the same entity or entities (eg, fire and water, air and land), the good and the bad, and the emergence of social classes of internal conflicts, the emergence of LED dualistic religion reflected in the first rites of worship.

Zoroastrizm became the state religion of three great empires - Akheminid, Persian and Sasakhid and practice has spread to nearly thirteen centuries, in the fourth century to the seventh century, and ruled most of eastern East. Thus, the theory zoroastrijskuju Zaratushtry first world religion and one of the first Eastern prophets. According to scientists, religious Bois Mary ", the power and strength zoroastrizma Iran gave a great reputation, and some of the most important teaching was satisfactory, Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Zoroastrizm In the development area north influenced by Buddhism. The principles of religion" unique and significant. His followers have the opportunity to object-oriented and comfortable life. "This is a positive element created suitable Christianity and Islam, and helped them in the development of world religions.