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Uzbekistan - one of the oldest places of human habitation. The beginning of our era the tribes that lived between the rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya (much of which is occupied now Uzbekistan), marked the completion of the expansion of the tribal system and the formation of large slave-holding States: HN-Sogdiana, Bactria, Khorezm, Margiana and other.
Important milestones in the history of Uzbekistan
The Stone Age - Zoroastrians and Persians - The process of settling the territory of Uzbekistan can be traced to the Stone Age. The most ancient of peoples inhabiting Central Asia, is reflected in the Avesta - a collection of sacred hymns of the Zoroastrians. Earth was inhabited by Sogdians, Bactrians, and other nations. These peoples are described in the Persian original sources. Greek writers have mentioned the existence of Marakanda (now the city of Samarkand) and Kiropol in Fergana.
Alexander of Macedon - 3 - 4 centuries BC Central Asia, conquering the Macedonians. At this time the development and flourishing of architecture, painting, crafts and music.
Invasion of the Arabs - in the 7 - 8 cc. Central Asia conquered by the Arab Caliphate. As a result of this conquest completely changed the life style of the region. Construction, architecture, art and science have declined as a result of military action and resumed only in mid-9th century. In the 10th century. Arabs were forced to withdraw its troops, and established themselves at the mercy of the Samanids.
The purpose of this study - to study the transport infrastructure in Uzbekistan, to give a complete characterization of individual sectors of transport and to consider various ways of transporting tourists to the main tourist centers.
The object of this work is the Republic of Uzbekistan, the subject - the country's transportation infrastructure.
To study the current state of transportation in this term paper seeks to gather information about various forms of transport provided by the country further and further processing and systematization of the data.
In the theoretical part of the paper gives a comprehensive description of the transport infrastructure in the country for each type of transport. Then, the example of two tourist centers in the practical part of the work discussed various ways to deliver tourists in tourist centers themselves and the way the movement of tourists within these centers.
Chapter I. Characterization of the transport infrastructure in Uzbekistan
The Republic of Uzbekistan has a developed network of railways and highways, complex international airports, as well as air routes crossing the territory of the length and breadth of the country and ensuring the needs of both the international and, particularly, in transit.
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10 - Nukus is a city in Uzbekistan and the capital of the Autonomous Republic of Karakalpakstan sovereign. The estimated population of 180,000. Nukus is a small town founded in 1932, wide boulevards and large public buildings with a pleasant, modern Soviet city, but the insulation in the Red Army Chemical Research Institute, the host is a major center for research and testing of chemical warfare agents.
The collapse of the Soviet Union and the growing ecological disaster of the Aral Sea, the city is certainly seen better days. Pollution of the environment, wind-borne salt and pesticides in the dry Aral Sea bed has been transferred to a desert area, very high levels of respiratory diseases such as cancer, birth defects and deformities.
Nukus, Karakalpakstan is home to the Museum of Art and the State Museum. The National Museum houses a collection of artifacts from archaeological investigations in the usual traditional jewery, costumes and musical instruments, but interestingly, it shows the area has been lost or endangered flora and fauna, and recovering problem of the Aral Sea. The famous art museum collections in modern art 1918-1935 Russian and Uzbek noted. Stalin tried to eliminate all non-Soviet art at this time, and sent most of the artists in the Gulag. A collection of Nukus survived because the city is remote.
The Savitsky Karakalpakstan State Museum of Art
Founded in 1966, the Savitsky Karakalpakstan State Museum contains a collection of over 95,000 items, including Uzbekistan visual arts, applied arts and Karakalpak folk art of the ancient Khorezm region. The museum is the life's work of Igor Savitsky. The Savitsky history and thousands of artifacts here that this museum is one of the most interesting monuments of modern art history.
The Moscow artist / archaeologist Igor Savitsky Vitalyevich first home in the capital Nukus, Karakalpakstan in 1950. Like so many artists of his generation, went to Central Asia, looking for inspiration. Appointed curator of the National Museum in Nukus in 1966 Savitsky was able to procure recognition items shipped. Initially, the archaeological and ethnographic Karakalpak, as later
public interested in modern art. So his mission to Forbidden began collecting art in the Soviet Union - a mission that Speaker for a lifetime.
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