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Genghis Khan and Tamerlane - In the 1220-1221 years. local nobility could not resist the invasion of the army of Genghis Khan. Many cities such as Bukhara, Khorezm and Samarkand were destroyed. In the mid-14th century. with the assistance of a great military leader Tamerlane local people were freed from the Mongols. Tamerlane began his successful campaigns in Iraq, India, Turkey and North Africa, which led to the creation of one of the most powerful medieval empire with its capital at Samarkand. Restoration and development of cities (Samarkand, and in particular Shakhrisabz, hometown of Tamerlane) revived the commerce, trade, science and art.
Nomadic tribes of the Uzbeks. In the 16th century. Uzbek nomadic tribes invaded from the north, conquering the small feudal states of the Timurid and forming their own state (which later would be called Uzbekistan). The word "Uzbek" means "master" himself. The economy of Central Asia of the past developed by stable relations with China, India and Europe. In 2. BC caravan trade routes linked the south-eastern Europe, Iraq, the Caucasus and Central Asia to Mongolia and China and is now known as the Great Silk Road. The Silk Road passed through the centers of Central Asia - Samarkand, Bukhara, Margilan Shakhrisabz and Andijan.
Russian Empire - In the second half of the 19th century, Bukhara, Khiva and Kokand Khanate joined the Russian Empire. During this period, agriculture was highly developed in Uzbekistan on the grounds that it was more economical to grow cotton in Central Asia, instead of importing it from USA. Cotton became the main crop. Construction of railroads spurred the development of trade and cultural links between Asia and Europe. It was a time when the country began to overcome his early period of stagnation.

 

In the postwar years the railroad in Uzbekistan took an active part in rebuilding the country's economy. In the 1970s, the most important event was the construction of the railway line Chardzhou-Kungrad-Beyneu 1025 kilometers, which was commissioned in 1972 by opening a vital second exit in the European part of the country.
National Railway Company "Uzbekistan Railways" ("Uzbekistan Railways") - one of the largest in Central Asia. It was founded in 1994, it went all the assets and rolling stock of the Central Asian railway on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan. The company fully meets the needs of the country's freight and passengers. Today, the republic has an extensive network of railways length of 3986 kilometers, which is continually updated and reconstructed. Each year, carries more than 16 million passengers. "Uzbekistan Railways" - an active participant in international passenger and freight traffic. Railway Kungrad - Beyneu - Aktau, leading to the Kazakh port of Aktau and across Russia to the EU, is the most direct route from Central Asia to Europe. This line was used more intensively after the discovery in November 2004, the railway ferry Caucasus - Crimea, bringing together the shortest route south of Russia and Central Asia to Ukraine and Central Europe.

 
 

 

6 - sufizma training in the religion of Islam is filled region of interaction of the oldest religions. In the meantime, programs, and the establishment of the Islamic countries were conquered by the Arabs doislamskoj ideological tradition is still alive and is very conservative, and there were, of course, inherited the world's youngest religion. Was under Central Asia, sufizma zoroastrizm effect of local forms, Manichaeism, nestorianstvo and other eastern Iranian religious sects existed doislamskoj Maverannahra developed in Central Asia.

The origin Sufizm differently interpret the world in Arabic "Dosta" - wool and the Greek "sofna" - the monk, the Persians, "SOFA" - honesty, simplicity, naivety and Turkish - 'SUFE - a place to sit more . widespread opinion that "sufizm" "Dosta" plays - wool, coarse cloth FLIS Sufi leader in the early days of this sect.

The Sufi path consists of shares in four phases: Shariat-tarikat obey Islamic law requirement ma'rifah - Meditations and understanding of God haqiqah - the whole concept of justice. He called people who want to make their way mjuridov sufijskogo (meaning "drink"), also saliks electronic AHL dils, mutassavives. You have to continue to work under the auspices of counselors, teachers are called sheikhs, murshidy pier mooring Hoxha, Ishons, Mavlons, Makhdums which survived the permission of the organizers. Islam is something like the tracking system sufijskih sheikhs, are essential elements. The sheikhs Sufijsky consultant whose family line down to the source of Islam.

During this period, the existence sufizma some stage of development and transformation happens in philosophy and geographical changes determined by the socio-economic, political, ideological currents, dogmatic, sufijskoj distribution. VIII, X, XI, -, - XII, XIII, XV and XVI-XVII century, figuratively speaking, you can draw sufizma share certain stages.

 

 

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